Cyclomethicone leaves a silky smooth feel on the skin and is used in a wide variety of toiletry preparations including dry spray on body oils by adding cyclomethicone to your carrier oil or fragrance. Can be used as an additive in lotions and creams up to 20% and as an additive in bath salts up to 5%. A very nice addition to massage creams and more.
Glycerin is a naturally occurring by-product of soap making. It pulls moisture from the air towards the skin making it an effective emollient. It is used in low percentages in the manufacture of glycerin soap, lotions, cream, face packs, etc. Use between 3% and 5% in lotions. Glycerin should not be applied directly to the skin, as it can draw moisture out of the skin rather than from the air. It is a vegetable derived product.
Propylene glycol is one of the most common moisture carrying vehicles next to water. It has better permeation through the skin than glycerine. It absorbs moisture, acts as a solvent and a wetting ingredient. Used in creams, lotions, liquid powders, pre-shave lotions, after- shave lotions, baby lotions, cold creams and suntan lotions. Recommended usage is up to 50% of your total formulation.
Used in toiletries as an emulsion stabilizer in combination with beeswax (recommended usage: 15 to 18 parts beeswax to 1 part sodium borate by weight). Liquid lecithin can also be used to help in stabilizing and in the texture of your creams when using this type of emulsion. Sodium borate acts as a natural preservative and is used in the manufacture of bath crystals/salts and in foot preparations. It is recommended that formulas not contain more than 5% sodium borate and preparations that exceed this ratio should not be used on broken/abraded skin or on children.
Witch Hazel is created from the leaves, flowers and bark of the hamamelis tree, also know as the witch hazel shrub. It has powerful astringent properties that help tone the skin, remove dirt and oil and tighten pores. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which can calm inflamed skin. Witch Hazel can be used directly on the skin or in combination with other ingredients such as liquid glycerin as a fine body mist. It can be used as an additive in lotions, creams and to help bind together bath bombs.